Background articles

Academic writing

Academic writing means the formal requirements for literary works which document scientific research and work.


altmetrics is a newly developed means of measuring impact based on data from social media, such as blogs, tweets, bookmarks and downloads.

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Author guides

Author guides are guidelines on how to shape the content, structure and layout of articles so that they will be accepted for publication.

Blogging and enhanced academic visibility

Blogs are a platform for communicating and discussing your research before, during and after you have published. Blogging enhances the visibility of research.

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Citations indicate the use and dissemination of research findings, originally developed as an alternative to classification of subject areas.

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Creative Commons

A Creative Commons-licence provides for open access to research findings or publications, without the author having to be concerned with various legal aspects.

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Google Scholar

Google Scholar is a search engine that indexes scholarly literature that is accessible online and provides citation counts.

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The work of an academic can be quantified, for example, by calculating the h-index. This is a number summarising productivity and impact of one particular publication.

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Journal Citation Reports

Journal Citation Reports (JCR) is a product from Thomson Reuters that annually publishes Journal Impact Factors (JIF).

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Journal Impact Factors

Journal Impact Factors (JIF) was a system conceived by Eugene Garfield in 1955 as a means of identifying journals for inclusion in Science Citation Index (SCI).

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